Causes And Symptoms Of Cephalohematoma

Despite the fact that the birth of a child is always a joyous occasion, it can be heartbreaking for parents to discover that their child suffered a birth injury due to negligence.

What is Cephalohematoma?

Small blood vessels on a baby’s head can be ruptured by the trauma of passing through the birth canal. A cephalohematoma is formed when blood from damaged blood vessels under the baby’s scalp accumulates on top of the skull but beneath the cranial membrane.

Cephalohematoma will likely not be visible at birth because the bleeding is slow and the accumulation is gradual. In the hours and days following birth, a cephalohematoma will develop.

What Causes Cephalohematoma? 

Cephalohematoma is caused by head pressure on the infant. It typically occurs following a difficult or protracted labour. When forceps or vacuum extraction are utilised, the risk of a baby developing cephalohematoma increases.

Several factors increase the risk of developing a cephalohematoma, including:

  • Long labour
  • Protracted third stage of labour
  • Macrosomia
  • Ineffective or feeble uterine contractions
  • Abnormal foetal presentation Delivery assisted by instruments (forceps or vacuum extraction)
  • Multiple gestations (twins, triplets, etc.)

Any factor that increases foetal cranial pressure or head trauma increases the risk of cephalohematoma.

How Common Is Cephalohematoma?

Mothers-to-be and mothers of infants may be interested in the frequency of cephalohematoma. It affects between 0.4% and 2.5% of all births.

Cephalohematoma is more prevalent in primigravidae (first-time pregnant women), large infants, and babies who are positioned laterally or breech. It is also more common in male infants than in female infants, although the cause is unknown.

What Are the Symptoms of Cephalohematoma?

Since cephalohematoma is not immediately apparent upon a baby’s birth, it is crucial that caretakers inspect and feel the infant’s head repeatedly in the hours and days following birth. Once a cephalohematoma has been observed, there should be ongoing efforts to assess and record its appearance.

Cephalohematoma is characterised by a soft, elevated area on the newborn’s head. A firm, enlarged bump on one or more of the baby’s bones below the scalp is another indicator. In contrast to other blood vessel ruptures, there is typically no discoloration or bruising.

Additional, less frequent symptoms include:

  • Anemia Jaundice (skin yellowing) Infection

If any of these symptoms are observed, your infant should be evaluated by a medical professional immediately.

How Is Cephalohematoma Diagnosed?

There are no diagnostic clinical tests for a cephalohematoma. Diagnosis is based on the observation of the baby’s characteristic head swelling. To evaluate for other cranial conditions, physicians may order the following tests:

  • X-rays Computed Tomography Ultrasound

These additional tests are particularly necessary if symptoms from other systems, such as the circulatory or respiratory systems, are present.

Can Cephalohematoma Be Treated?

Infants with a cephalohematoma are treated with extreme caution and observation. As the blood is gradually reabsorbed into the baby’s bloodstream, medical professionals and caregivers will observe and record any changes to the cephalohematoma. This process takes place over time. Cephalohematomas can take up to three months to resolve.

Occasionally, the centre of the cephalohematoma shrinks before the edges, leaving a crater-like depression on the baby’s head. Never attempt to aspirate or drain a cerebral haemorrhage. Since the blood has already coagulated, it cannot be drained, and the insertion of a needle increases the risk of infection.

What Should I Do If My Baby Has a Cephalohematoma?

First, have the infant evaluated immediately by a medical professional. A medical professional is the only one qualified to rule out other, more serious conditions that may resemble cephalohematoma.

Contact Our Personal Injury Law Firm

Contact Abrams Law Group for a free consultation if you’ve been hurt in an accident and require legal assistance.

Abrams Law Group
104-70 Queens Boulevard, Suite 502
Forest Hills, NY 11375
(718) 997-9797

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