Blunt force head trauma refers to injuries caused by blows from non-penetrating objects or surfaces. When an organ is injured by blunt force, its exterior remains intact, but there may be internal damage that is not visible.
Causes of Blunt Force Trauma to the Head
There are a variety of situations that can result in head trauma caused by a blow to the head. While it is true that assault victims frequently sustain blunt force trauma, many assaults occur in everyday settings such as vehicles and workplaces.
Automobile collisions are the leading cause of blunt force head trauma. When vehicle accidents result in fatalities, blunt force trauma is almost always evident somewhere on the body. Sporting incidents, physical assaults, and falls are additional common causes of blunt force head trauma.
In industrial workplaces such as factories and construction sites, blunt force trauma can occur. A worker could sustain a head injury from a falling object or from slipping and falling.
Symptoms of Blunt Force Head Trauma
Pain is the most common and diagnostic symptom of blunt head trauma. Additional symptoms include:
Symptoms of head injuries caused by blunt force vary according to the object’s impact force or vice versa. Location also plays a role. For instance, if you accidentally struck your head on a door frame, you would likely experience bruising and mild pain, but abrasions and severe pain are less likely. If, however, you strike the door frame at a high rate of speed, you will experience more severe symptoms.
A concussion can be caused by a forceful blow or a blow to the back of the head. The victim of a concussion may experience dizziness, confusion, vision loss or blurred vision, memory loss, and nausea.
In extreme cases, blunt force to the head can cause brain injuries and even death. For instance, head trauma from a car accident may not have penetrated the skin or skull, but the brain may have collided with the sides of the skull as a result of the impact. Brain-on-skull collisions can result in internal bleeding, bruising, and nerve fibre ruptures.
Short and Long-term Effects
Minor head injuries caused by blunt force are typically transient and resolve within a few days to a few weeks. In cases of severe brain injury or chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), the onset of symptoms may take years.
Among the symptoms of severe head trauma or CTE are:
- Full or partial limb paralysis
- consciousness loss
- Changes in irritability and personality
- Lessened motor skills
- Reduced blood pressure
- impaired vision
- lisping speech
- headaches and migraines
- sickness and vomiting
A severe blow to the head can result in long-term effects such as speech, vision, taste, and smell changes, as well as speech and language difficulties.
Treatment and Prevention of Blunt Force Trauma
If you encounter a person who appears to have suffered a traumatic brain injury, do not move them unless it is absolutely necessary. Do not move or shake the unconscious individual in an attempt to awaken them.
Time is of the essence in cases of severe head trauma caused by blunt force. Even if the victim is not experiencing pain, call for medical assistance immediately; they may be experiencing an adrenaline surge or be in shock.
If you have suffered a head injury and are experiencing symptoms other than minor pain and bruising, you should seek medical attention. If your symptoms are severe, you should be transported to the emergency room.
The majority of cases of blunt head trauma are preventable. Wearing a helmet while playing sports or riding a bicycle or motorcycle can significantly reduce the likelihood of sustaining a severe head injury, as can using a seatbelt when driving.
Damage Recovery For Head Injury Victims
If you or someone you know has been injured by a blow to the head, you may be eligible for compensation beyond the cost of your medical care. Head injuries can have life-altering consequences, such as wage loss or ongoing medical care. Contact an attorney if you require long-term medication or are unable to work as a result of your injury. You may be entitled to compensation for your physical and psychological losses.
Contact Our Personal Injury Law Firm
Contact Abrams Law Group for a free consultation if you’ve been hurt in an accident and require legal assistance.