There are numerous types of motor vehicle collisions. Including head-on collisions, side-impact collisions, and rear-end collisions, traffic accidents can result in catastrophic injuries and deaths. However, rear-end collisions frequently result in neck and back injuries.
How Do Rear-End Collisions Cause Neck and Back Injuries?
Rear-end collisions are the most frequent type of automobile accident. Almost one-third of traffic accidents in 2018 were rear-end collisions. 594 000 accidents resulted in injuries and 2,439 accidents resulted in fatalities.
The manner in which a rear-end collision occurs places a tremendous amount of force on the back and neck of the occupant. The Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) published a video depicting the effects of a rear-end collision on a passenger.
At the moment of impact with the rear vehicle, the body of the person in the front vehicle moves slightly backward before being violently whipped forward and backward. This abrupt movement can result in numerous back and neck injuries.
Among the most common neck and back injuries following a rear-end collision are the following:
In a rear-end collision, whiplash occurs when a person’s head is jerked back and forth. The motion of “whipping” causes tears or strains in the neck’s ligaments, muscles, and tendons. Whiplash can cause severe pain and restricted mobility.
Many cases of whiplash recover within a few weeks following an accident. Painkillers, rest, and ice or heat may be prescribed by doctors. However, severe cases of whiplash can result in long-term pain and other impairments that may necessitate additional treatment and interfere with a person’s ability to work and live a normal life.
Vertebrae are the bones in the neck and back that protect the spinal cord. In a rear-end collision, neck and back bones may fracture or break. Common spinal fractures include rotation, compression, flexion, and extension fractures.
Depending on the severity of the fracture, a person may need neck or back surgery to repair a spinal fracture. Neck or back fractures may result in permanent impairments.
The vertebrae provide spinal cord protection. Any injury to the spinal column may cause injury to the spinal cord.
Injuries to the spinal cord can result in partial or total paralysis. Spinal cord injuries can also cause loss of bodily functions, sensation, and mobility.
Discs are the soft, gel-like material between each vertebra in the neck and back. Each disc cushions our movement and absorbs shock. Accidents can cause the disc to bulge out of place or tear.
Extreme back and neck pain may be caused by bulging or torn discs. The discs can exert pressure on the spinal column’s nerves. The gel-like substance can also leak onto nerves, causing severe pain.
Many victims of rear-end collisions suffer from pain and limited mobility due to sprains and strains. The majority of these injuries heal within a few weeks, but it is prudent to see a doctor after any auto accident injury.
Symptoms of Back and Neck Injuries After a Rear-End Accident
The symptoms you experience following a rear-end collision depend on the nature and severity of the neck or back injury. Nonetheless, certain common symptoms may indicate a back or neck injury.
The following injuries should be monitored after a rear-end collision:
- Pain in the neck or back, including stabbing or constant pain
- Pain radiating through the shoulders or limbs.
- Numbness or tingling in the arms and legs.
- impaired vision
- rigidity and restricted range of motion
- reverberating in the ears
- Problems walking, standing, or sitting
- Loss of feeling
- bowel and bladder dysfunction
The treatment of back and neck injuries caused by rear-end collisions depends on the nature and severity of the injuries. To diagnose the injury, a physician may utilise x-rays, MRIs, and CT scans, among others.
Neck and back injuries may be treated with medications, braces, physical therapy, and warm or cold compresses. In certain instances, the injury is severe enough to necessitate surgery.
Who is Responsible for a Rear-End Collision?
In many instances, the driver of the vehicle in the rear is to blame for the collision. It is possible that the driver was following too closely, distracted, intoxicated, or sleepy.
However, there are instances in which the driver of the front vehicle may have contributed to or caused the collision. A personal injury attorney can review your case and advise you on your compensation options.
The driver who is determined to be at fault for the collision is responsible for the victim’s damages. You may be entitled to compensation for lost wages, medical expenses, permanent impairments, and other losses.
Contact Our Personal Injury Law Firm
Contact Abrams Law Group for a free consultation if you’ve been hurt in an accident and require legal assistance.